Desert Agriculture Technology – Cactus Fruit Harvesting

The cactus fruit is indeed rich in beneficial nutrients for our bodies, as well as being exceptionally sweet and tasty. The Opuntia ficus-Indica, the plant that produces it, is a prolific one that produces many fruits from each shovel. Despite its name, the Opuntia ficus-Indica, like all other cacti, is native to South America, particularly central Mᴇxɪᴄᴏ. It has spread quickly in Asia, as well as some parts of Africa and Europe (in Europe, it has adapted particularly well in South I and the Canary Islands), and his name may be a sign of an intermediate step in its spread before reaching the old continent.

Nopal is a common name in Mexican Spanish for cactus (also known as a prickly pear in English), as well as its pads and fruit. There are about a hundred and fourteen endemic species known to exist in Mx. Cactus is very popular in this area, and it is frequently processed into food. The nopal pads can be eaten raw or cooked, used in marmalades, soups, stews, and salads, as well as used for traditional or animal fodder. The fruit of the Nopal cactus, known as the tuna in Spanish and the prickly pear in English, is also edible.

The nopal cactus can be found all over Mᴇxɪᴄᴏ, but it is most common in the arid and semi-arid regions of the country. Cactus is simple to keep alive; simply cut one branch and plant it on the ground where it can grow. Over three million hectares of land in Mᴇxɪᴄᴏ are used to cultivate nopal. Nopal cacti can be grown in three ways: commercial plantations, family farms, and gardens, or in the wild.

A large trunk-forming segmented cactus can reach a height of 5-7 meters, with a crown diameter of up to 3 meters and a trunk diameter of up to 1 meter. Cladodes (large pads) are green to blue-green in color, with few spines up to 2.5 centimeters or none at all. Flat, rounded cladodes with large, smooth, fixed spines and small, then detach from the plant are typical of prickly pear. When the pads are large enough, they are cut and harvested. The fruit, which has a color and flavor similar to strawberries and figs, is used to make jams and jellies. For thousands of years, Mexicans have used Opuntia to make colonche, an alcoholic beverage. Wearing gloves and picking are all that is required for the harvest.

Let’s have a look at how Cactus Fruit Harvesting – Prickly Pear Farm and Harvesting – Desert Agriculture Technology works in the video below.

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