Durian thrives in temperatures between 75 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit. Your tree will lose its leaves and most likely die if the temperature drops below 45°F. It should go without saying that durians cannot tolerate frost. Durian also enjoys being near water. The trees require at least 60 inches of annual rainfall, but perform best with up to 150 inches. If such levels aren’t met, you’ll need to supply more irrigation.
The humidity comes next. A humidity level of 70 to 90 percent is essential. Based on all of this, you should consider if cultivating durian is worthwhile. Seeds can be planted both inside and outside. To plant the seeds, you can simply remove them from the fruit. Seeds should be planted within a few days of being removed from the fruit. Fresh durian seeds don’t last more than five days, especially if they’re exposed to the sun. They’re available for purchase online in specially sealed packs that last far longer than a few days.
Dig a 1.5-foot-wide and 1.5-foot-deep hole. Fill the hole with equal parts soil and compost. Place the seed on top of the dirt and gently press it in halfway, leaving half of the seed exposed to the sun. If you do this during the hottest and wettest period of the season, you should observe germination within a few days, if not a week. Durian seeds germinate quickly in the correct conditions.Water the seed thoroughly. For the first two years or so, provide shade, as though the seed had fallen from a tree and is growing on the forest floor. If the weather isn’t ideal outside, you can start the seed indoors. Place the seed on a damp paper towel, then seal the towel and seed inside a clear plastic bag. This creates heat and humidity, which is just what durian seeds require. Make sure the bag stays wet by placing it in a window that receives at least four hours of direct sunlight each day.
Plant in a pot filled with high-quality potting mix after the seed has roots that are longer than the seed itself. Every day, water, but make sure the container you’re using drains effectively. Plant half-buried, as if it were an outdoor seed. You can take a clipping from a durian tree if you know someone who has one. Choose a three-foot-long branch with a diameter of at least two inches. Directly into the earth, plant the cut end. Drill a well and water it every day for four months.
The pH of the soil should be between 5.5 and 6.5. Durian trees require a rich, loamy soil with good drainage. They enjoy water, but they despise wet feet that are sitting in wetness. Twice a year, apply a high-quality slow-release fertilizer. After the fruit has been gathered and right before the bʟᴏssoms appear for the following season, dig it in. It will take a few seasons to figure out the timings, especially since the tree will not bear fruit for the first four to five years.
If you’re planting a cutting, water it every day for the first four months. After that, water regularly to avoid water pooling at the base of the trunk and roots. The ground should be damp but not soaked. Mulch with straw, hay, or soᴍᴇᴛʜing similar if the weather becomes dry and the humidity drops, and water well. Consider the ecosystem of a rain forest. You want to replicate that as much as possible.
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