How to hatch ostrich eggs & how to raise baby ostriches very well

Ostrich is the world’s largest living bird. The males on average stand about 2.4 meter tall and can weight well over 100 kg. But the females/hens are slightly smaller than the males. Ostriches have long and strong legs, and they are the fastest bird. They are able to run up to 70 kilometer per hour when necessary, with strides of up to 8 meter.
Commercial ostrich farming is a profitable business. But it is not as popular as duck, chicken, pigeon, quail or other poultry birds. Ostriches are used for many different purposes. They are actually a multipurpose bird. Previously, they were used mainly for feathers, but now they are used for their meat, eggs and also skin. It is comparatively a new agribusiness, but it is highly profitable.

Ostrich farm

How to Keep Ostriches

Select a Good Location

Selecting a good location is very important for starting commercial ostrich farming business. It will be better if the selected area is free from all types of noises and pollution.

Select Right Breed

There are actually 5 different types or subspecies of ostriches are known. Select any type depending on the availability in your area.

Select Right Breed

There are actually 5 different types or subspecies of ostriches are known. Select any type depending on the availability in your area.


Ostriches need less grazing land than cattle and sheep. If you start with a pair of ostriches, you will only need half an acre (0.2 hectare) of land. If you want to keep several birds for breeding then add another half acre for every additional bird. However, you will need to allocate land for sheds and other farming facilities. Depending on the kind of business you want, you will need areas for incubation, raising chicks, and raising ostriches for slaughter. Your ostrich chicks will also need their own outdoor pens where they can exercise and graze.

The space for raising ostriches is spacious and airy

How to Hatch Ostrich Eggs

A female ostrich will usually start producing eggs when it is two years old. Unlike chickens, it will not lay eggs all around the year. Instead, it follows a breeding season. After mating, an ostrich will lay about one egg every day in a nest. In its first year, it may produce about 10 to 20 eggs, but an older female may produce up to 40 to 50 eggs.
You will need to remove the eggs from the nest, because it increases egg production and enables you to place them in an incubator. Transferring eggs to an incubating facility lowers the risk of egg breakage, and also protects the parent ostrich. Sitting on eggs for six weeks can weaken them considerably, since they won’t leave their nest to eat or exercise.
Ideally, you should gather eggs twice a day. Remove any dirt and manure with sandpaper, or wash with a suitable sanitizing agent or water that is at least 10° warmer than the eggs.
Store the clean ostrich eggs on a roller tray. Place them on their sides or with their larger end facing up. Turn them at least three times a day. Be sure to place them in egg incubator within 2 to 4 days to for higher chance of hatchability. Keep the ostrich eggs in the incubator for 42 days. Maintain the temperature at about 97.5 to 98.5°F (36.4 to 36.9°C) and a humidity level of 35%. Increase humidity to about 83% after day 40, when the eggs are getting ready to hatch.

The process of creating baby ostriches

How to Care for Newly Hatched Ostrich Chicks

– Newly-hatched chicks are very weak and prone to getting sick, so you need to prepare a brooding facility where they can safely grow. This is the most critical time in their growth, so you need to check on them frequently.
– Clean the area daily to prevent the spread of disease-causing bacteria.
– Chicks will also need a firm surface to practice their walking skills. Avoid any slippery floor material like newspaper, cardboard, or plastic. This will affect their walking and lead to “spraddle legs” or splayed legs.
– Change the litter frequently.
– Once your ostrich chicks are about 6 weeks old, you can keep them outside during the day. You can keep about 25 to 50 birds in one pen.
– At his age, farmers and caretakers should also interact more frequently with the ostriches. This helps them get more accustomed to human beings, and prevents any aggressive attacks when they are older.
– Just bear in mind that ostriches can become more excitable in warm weather, so avoid going near them during the hottest hours of the day. Noise and crowds can also increase their territorial instincts, so try to place these pens in a clear and quiet area.

Caring for baby ostriches

When your ostriches are about 3 months old, you can move them from the brooding facility to a larger pen. In the wild, ostriches prefer open and short-grass plains, so a grassy field helps mimic their natural habitat. The outdoor pens should have grass, clover, alfalfa, or some other ground cover. Aside from the feed you provide, the grass in this area can be a natural source of food. Be sure the area has small stones and sand, which they need to crush and digest their food.
Ostriches can stay in this pen until they are 12 to 13 months old, at which point they are considered adults and ready for market.
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