Flood is a natural disaster that comes to our world, it can kill hundreds of thousands or even millions of people. One of the ways to protect people from the power of water is to build hydroelectric dams as shields or fortresses to block the pressure of the water. However, such infrastructure does not guarantee absolute security. Today we will tell you about the dangerous dams in the world. Let’s get started.
1. Vajont Dam, Italy – resulting in the Ԁᴇɑтһ of over 2,000 people
The Vajont Dam is located in the province of Belluno, in the Veneto region of Italy. Construction on the dam began in 1957 and was completed in 1963. The dam was built to provide hydroelectric power to the region and to irrigate the valley below. However, the dam became infamous in 1963 when a massive landslide caused a wave of water to overtop the dam, resulting in the Ԁᴇɑтһ of over 2,000 people. The Vajont Dam is now considered one of the most dangerous dams in the world.
2. Itaipu Dam, Brazil/Paraguay- resulting in the Ԁᴇɑтһ of seven people
The Itaipu Dam is located on the Paraná River on the border between Brazil and Paraguay. The dam is the largest hydroelectric power plant in the world, and it supplies 20% of Brazil’s energy needs. The dam was completed in 1984, but it has been plagued by a number of problems, including cracks in the concrete and erosion of the river bed. In 2006, a massive flood caused one of the spillways to collapse, resulting in the Ԁᴇɑтһ of seven people.
3. Tarbela Dam, Pakistan – poor construction and leakage
The Tarbela Dam is located on the Indus River in Pakistan. The dam was completed in 1976 and is the largest earth-filled dam in the world. The dam provides irrigation water for over 3 million acres (12,000 km²) of land and supplies hydroelectric power to much of Pakistan. The dam has been plagued by a number of problems, including poor construction, leakage, and seepage. In 2005, the Pakistani government ordered an investigation into the dam’s safety after it was revealed that the reservoir was only half full.
4. Kariba Dam, Zambia/Zimbabwe caused a number of problems
The Kariba Dam is located on the Zambezi River on the border between Zambia and Zimbabwe. The dam was completed in 1959 and is the largest hydroelectric power plant in Africa. The dam supplies electricity to both Zambia and Zimbabwe and helps to control flooding in the region. However, the dam has also caused a number of problems, including environmental damage and displacement of local people. In 2010, the dam was nearly overtopped by floodwaters, prompting a mass evacuation of people living downstream.
5. Three Gorges Dam, China – ᴋɪʟʟᴇԀ over 100 people
The Three Gorges Dam is located on the Yangtze River in the Hubei province of China. The dam was completed in 2006 and is the largest hydroelectric power plant in the world. The dam provides electricity to over 500 million people and helps to control flooding in the region. However, the dam has also caused a number of problems, including displacement of over 1 million people, environmental damage, and increased risk of earthquakes. In 2010, a massive landslide ᴋɪʟʟᴇԀ over 100 people and caused widespread damage downstream.
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