Introducing the Alpine Goat
This goat breed is one of the best dairy goat breeds and is raised mainly for commercial milk production. Commercial goat farming with Alpine breeds has proven to be very successful in India, Malaysia, the West Indies and the Philippines. These goats became very popular due to their high milk production rate. Alpine goats are native to the French Alps and are also called “French-alpine”. Alpine goats are medium to large hardy animals and can survive in all types of weather conditions. However, this breed is more adapted to mountainous, tropical environments and is not suitable in places with high humidity. The average lifespan of Alpine goats ranges from 8 to 13 years.
Purpose of Alpine goat farming
These goats are mainly considered as dairy goats due to their extremely good milking skills. Alpine goats are in great demand in commercial dairy goat farming.
Advantages of Alpine goats
Adult male goats can reach a weight of 55 to 60 kg.
– This goat breed can also feed jackfruit leaves, coconut oil cake to help gain weight.
Male Alpine goats reach puberty at the age of 4 to 7 months and female goats from 7 to 10 months. This Alpine breed gives birth to 1 to 3 calves at a time and twin births are common.
These female goats give up to 5.5 liters of milk per day. The lactation period of this goat is 250 to 280 days. This breed of goat has excellent milk production skills.
This breed of goat can adapt to most climatic conditions. They are suitable for both free-range and stall feeding.
Tips for raising Alpine goats for more milk
– Goat Shelter : Shelter is one of the most important things to have when learning how to raise goats for milk. Goats need shelter from heat, cold, rain and wind. Pregnancy will also require a safe place to give birth. Three-sided barns are adequate shelters for most goats. Ensure clean water is available at all times and all goats can drink at the same time. All your goats must also be able to access the feeding crate and hay at the same time.
– Goat care: Goats are climbers. They love anything they can climb on and jump off of, such as picnic tables, haystacks, and children’s playhouses. Providing them with things to climb on will ensure that they are getting the exercise they need. Monitor goat health and deworm periodically. Annual disease screening is highly recommended. Rotating pasture helps control parasites and feeds goats with fresh pasture. It is best to pause the pasture for twelve months. Hoofs should be trimmed every few months.
– Feeding and nutrition: Feeding your goat properly is another important part of learning how to raise dairy goats for milk. Goats are herbivores, which means they can eat grass, but should have more forage than just grass. Goats can eat anything from dandelion leaves to small shrubs and trees. The greater the variety, the happier they are.
Goat udder care: Proper udder care for lactation is an important topic to study as you learn how to raise goats for milk. The first thing to make sure is that your sow cage is clean. Every time you express milk, first clean the udder and nipples. Wipe gently with warm water, then dry with a clean towel. Alternatively, add Basic H to warm water to fight bacteria.
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